Archive for 5 Απριλίου 2012|Daily archive page

Which Greece is collapsing?

A few years after the Athens Olympic Games, when the Greeks –at least the elite of this country– passionately lived a Cinderella fairy-tale, the tough reality turned the public discussion in exactly the opposite direction. The worldwide economic crisis, in addition to the euro crisis, led Greek society to an unprecedented crisis and political intolerance. In parallel, these issues brought to the surface all the structural malformations of the modern Greek state. So Greece became a special and unique phenomenon in Europe, a catalyst for big negative changes.

But what are those parameters that led Greece to being in such an unfavorable position? Is it only the reorganization of polity after the dictatorship (1967-1973), which turned the state into a servant of party mechanisms? Are there deeper causes to the way Greece was established as a nation-state, which were just exacerbated by recent management?

A problematic independence

The Greek rebirth, through the second biggest –after the French- anti-authoritarian European revolution, led to the creation of the young Greek state in 1830. But the geographical limits of the newly formed nation-state were far from the dreams of the progressive representatives of the Enlightenment that dreamed of and planned the Revolution.

The nation–state was a new form of state, which emerged after the French Revolution and expressed the rising bourgeois class in power against the old feudal aristocracy. In the Greek case, however, the nation-state was created in an area where bourgeois strata were entirely absent, that is those social forces that corresponded to the new state form. 

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